The New Balance Of Work And Fatherhood Post CovidJun 10, 2021
Written by Ian Dinwiddy, Partner at Thriving Talent
As we recently celebrated Father’s Day across Europe, now is a perfect time to shine a light on how Covid has fundamentally changed dads' attitudes and expectations about how to balance work and fatherhood.
The pandemic led to Dads doing more at home than ever before. Despite difficult circumstances, they built better relationships with their children and took on more unpaid domestic work. Crucially, many are now looking for hybrid working options to protect their wellbeing and connections with their families.
The challenges of fatherhood
Becoming a dad for the first time is probably the single biggest and most emotionally difficult transition in a man’s life. New fatherhood comes with a sense of higher purpose and a challenge around anxiety, stress, and performance at work.
Pulled in different directions by their needs and desires to provide economical and emotional stability, it’s not surprising that new dad depression is twice the general population's rate, with 10% of expectant first-time dads becoming depressed.
What do dads say they want?
In their 30th anniversary report “State of Man” GQ magazine’s readers identified ‘Being a present father’ as the number one aspect of modern masculinity. Men I work with talk about being ‘the father they don’t remember growing up.’ Dads in my Facebook group have shared these responses when asked about the 3 biggest outcomes they want from being a dad:
- To spend more time with him and to be a bigger part of his life.
- Spend more time with my daughter and be a happier person.
- To have more time with the kids.
- Attend more special occasions. Be a more active figure daily in
Men also want the opportunity to access flexible or remote working and be more involved parents without experiencing the missed opportunities and discrimination they see their female colleagues face.
Even before the pandemic, research by insurance company Zurich and the UK government-backed think tank 'The Behavioural Insights Team' found that many more men also applied for roles when they offered flexible working options, suggesting the issue is just as important for them as it is for female candidates.
The impact of Covid
During the pandemic, dads increased their domestic responsibilities. A Financial Times Global readership survey showed that two in five men reported doing more household work, in line with a German study that found fathers increased childcare time during lockdowns.
In the UK, the Office for National Statistics found that the first Covid lockdown had led to a 58% increase in childcare undertaken by men. While women still did more childcare, the gender care gap narrowed.
The truth is that despite increases in men’s unpaid work, the burden of domestic activity has fallen more heavily on women, who have done even more than usual. As the Financial Times also reported:
"Women aged 35 to 49 were involved with about double the childcare hours than men in July and August, according to an EU-wide survey. A similar difference was reported for cooking and housework.”
Not only that, but women with young children are much more likely to be considering leaving the workplace altogether. McKinsey reported that in the category of parents of kids under ten, the rate at which women in this group were considering leaving was ten per cent higher than for men.
The Financial Times article also reported that this trend is seen at senior levels too:
“Senior-level women were 1.5 times more likely than men to think about downshifting their careers or leaving the workforce because of Covid-19.”
However, the pandemic proved that it was possible to work remotely on a far greater scale than anyone imagined, opening up conversations about balancing work and fatherhood in a way never before seen.
Why does championing dads at work really matter in 2021?
Fatherhood is tough, especially in the early days. Dads have always expressed a desire to be more actively involved in family life. The pandemic has shown that, for many office-based workers,it is possible to work flexibly and remotely and still produce desired business outcomes.
Not only that, dads report improved mental health and better relationships with their families. The Fatherhood Institute Report – Lockdown Dads the Untold Story found that 65% of ‘partnered’ fathers “reported better father-child relationship following lockdown, rising to 73% among those who were full-time at home.”
As The Guardian reports, Dads have realised what they have been missing out on:
"If he’d been working his usual hours, he would have missed his son’s first giggle already. “That stopped me in my tracks,” he says. “I want these initial things. I want to see his first steps. I want his first words.”
It makes sense that happier dads will perform better at work and have better mental health, but supporting dads is also a route to gender equality.
Women are facing a pandemic jobs crisis, but they have also always faced inequalities in the home. The reality for many working mums is that paid work is followed by a “second shift” of unpaid housework and an emotionally demanding mental load. The UN estimates that globally 75% of unpaid labour is carried out by women (about 3 times as much as men).
Opportunities for men to be more involved at home need to be seen through both mental health and gender equality lenses. As the Harvard Business Review pointed out - equality starts at home:
“Women with equal partners at home are more successful at work. When people are less concerned with the impact of their job on family responsibilities and able to focus and commit more fully to their work, it’s no surprise that they’re more productive and able to take advantage of growth and advancement opportunities.”
A major mechanism for supporting wellbeing and gender equality is flexible and remote working. Long before the pandemic, the signs were there.
The genie is out of the bottle.
The action we need to take
The increase in paid paternity leave in Switzerland from 1 day to 10 days in 2021 is an important milestone in the support for dads and families, but it needs to be seen in the context of broader cultural change.
If businesses are going to use the pandemic as an opportunity to improve mental health, well-being, gender equality, and ultimately performance, then these five things need to be done:
- Embed a flexible working culture for all.
- Remove the fear for men of being seen as ‘uncommitted’ at work when
they take leave or seek to work flexibly.
- Take the time to understand what work patterns ALL employees desire and
build this into planning.
- Recognise how the return to the workplace can create relationship conflict
and gender inequalities if men who have spent 15 months sharing the
domestic load are forced to return to their previous working patterns.
- Create a culture of male leadership that demonstrates that it is possible to
be a great dad without sacrificing a great career.
2021 represents an important opportunity to reframe working patterns for men, creating mental health, gender equality and performance benefits.
Taking it seriously matters. Otherwise, your staff might just go and work for a business that recognises that the world has changed.
At Thriving Talent, we help organisations to engage and retain working parents and carers during parental leave and other life transitions. To learn more and download a brochure, click here.
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